Lauren, JJ, and special guest technician Elena continue to investigate the case of a dog with urate uroliths and elevated bile acids. This is part 2 of a two-part case. For the first part, see Episode 4.4: Please Don't Be High.
This episode includes a review of the potential causes of bile acids elevations in the dog, as well as a discussion about portosystemic shunts in the dog.
(1) Konstantinidis, A. O., et al. (2023). Congenital portosystemic shunts in dogs and cats: Classification, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and diagnosis. Veterinary Sciences, 10(2), 160. DOI: 10.3390/vetsci10020160
(2) Williams, K., & Ward, E. Portosystemic shunt in dogs. VCA Animal Hospitals. https://vcahospitals.com/know-your-pet/portosystemic-shunt-in-dogs
(3) Nelson, N. C., & Nelson, L. L. (2011). Anatomy of extrahepatic portosystemic shunts in dogs as determined by computed tomography angiography. Veterinary Radiology and Ultrasound, 52(5), 498-506. DOI: 10.1111/j.1740-8261.2011.01827.x
(4) Minnesota Urolith Center. Canine urate uroliths. University of Minnesota. https://drive.google.com/file/d/1tlhPTeoK8E6D5UgCjtRr9JQGHbPXNg5u/view
(5) Rothrock, K., & Shell, L. (2020). Portosystemic shunt (canine). VINcyclopedia of Diseases. www.vin.com
(6) Rothrock, K., & Shell, L. (2022). Urolithiasis, urate (canine). VINcyclopedia of Diseases. www.vin.com
(7) Rishniw, M. (2017). Bile acids. VIN Medical FAQs. www.vin.com